Cuvées and Millésimes
BRUT SANS ANNEE (BSA)
This champagne is elaborated by assembling grapes and wines of various years of production. It needs to rest for at least 15 months in the caves before use.
BLANC DE BLANCS
This champagne is exclusively made of Chardonnay grapes.
BLANC DE NOIRS
This champagne is exclusively made of Pinot Noir and/or Pinot Meuniergrapes.
When a year of production is considered to be “exceptional” champagne makers assemble various wines produced that year from different villages and vines. This champagne needs to rest and mature for at least 3 years in the cellars.
This champagne is an exceptional vintage, the result of the production of either carefully selected plot of vineyard, or of older plants (more than 25 years of age), or of particularly well exposed slopes.
This champagne is obtained using 2 different methods that the champagne maker can choose between :
« L’assemblage » : it consists in assembling red wine produced under the appellation Champagne together with the juice of white grape.
« La saignéeou la macération » : the entire black grapes macerate until the colour the champagne maker is looking for is obtained.
Grandes Maisons de Champagne
For many generations, Champagne makers aim is to promote the expression of the terroir, using a long tradition of grape growing, of harvesting, and of wine making. Their concerns are the quality of the champagne and the preservation of their natural environment.
There are about 15000 champagne-growers and about 100 Maisons de Champagne. A few Grandes Maisons are known all over the world and their names call to mind prestige and celebration.
A “Maison de Champagne” is a farm and/or a firm or a trade that masters the human and material resources that are needed for the development and the distribution of a great brand of champagne. Global customers demand that their preferred Champagne brand guarantees quality and taste to be the same year after year. Consequently, that demand restrains the number of housesable to join the prestigious Grandes Maisons.
A few GrandesMaisons
The history of Bollinger dates back to 1650. In 1829, Athanase Hennequin de Villermont, descendant of the first owners, Paul Renaudin and Jacques Bollinger create Bollinger Renaudin&Cie, combining their business skills with the quality of both the terroir and the wines. The land they owned grew with regular acquisitions. The aim they constantly pursued was to expand but never to the detriment of quality. For more than a century, Bollinger has played a part in many important ceremonies at the Royal Court of England.
It was Claude Moët, a wine merchant in Epernay, who in 1743 founded the Maison de Champagne Moët &Chandon. However, it was his grandson, Jean Rémy Moët who was aa visionary and the spirit of a pioneer who transformed the first trade company into a luxury a worldwide distributed brand of champagne. Madame de Pompadour was their first ambassador. Their ‘Imperial’ trademark was named to honor their friend Napoleon.
The Mumm brothers were rich German wine merchants. They arrived in Reims in 1827 and founded theirMaison de Champagne. The history of the MummMaison de Champagne covers more than 150 years of passion and pursuit of excellence which led to the renown and of Mumm and their famous Cordon Rouge. Illustrious European Royal families were found of this champagne. Until now it remains the official supplier to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
The family business Champagne Louis Roeder was founded in 1876 in Reims. Nowadays it is still an independentMaison de Champagne. Throughout the years, the tradition has been maintained and enriched to create one of the most prestigious champagne in the world. Alexander II, tsar of Russia so much loved this wine that a special cuvee and a unique bottle were created just for him: the famous Cristal was born!
Madame Nicole ClicquotPonsardin was wife of a businessman involved in banking, wool trading and wine. When her husband died, she was only 27. In 1805 she decidedto keep only the wine business, becoming the first business woman of the Modern Age. The champagne was named Veuvewhich means widow. She is the inventor of the first riddling table which made possible to obtain crystal-clear wines. Shemade of her wines the worldwide recognized champagne it has become throughout 200 year history.
Other Grandes Maisons de Champagne
• AYALA • BILLECART-SALMON • CANARD-DUCHENE • DE CASTELLANE • DE CAZANOVE • CHARLESHEIDSIECK • DUVAL-LEROY • GOSSET • HEIDSIECK& C° MONOPOLE • HENRIOT • JACQUESSON • KRUG • LANSON • LAURENT-PERRIER • MERCIER • PERRIER-JOUËT • PHILIPPONNAT • PIPER-HEIDSIECK • POL ROGER • POMMERY • RUINART • TAITTINGER • DE TELMONT • THIENOT • ETC.